While not quite as bad as last month’s 14 security bulletins, April’s Patch Day is bursting with updates. According to their summary, Microsoft released 11 security bulletins, some fixing serious issues. Windows administrators should put their heads down, dive in, and get patching.
By the Numbers:
- all current versions of Windows,
- Internet Explorer (IE),
- SharePoint Server,
- the .NET Framework,
- XML Core Services,
- and Hyper-V.
They rate four bulletins as Critical and the rest as Important.
Patch Day Highlights:
In my opinion, the HTTP.sys vulnerability is the biggest deal this month. While it doesn’t say so directly, this flaw affects all Microsoft’s IIS web servers. Simply by sending a specially crafted web request, an attacker can take over your web server. I would patch all your public Windows-based IIS servers immediately. WatchGuard’s IPS service has a signature for this attack, which should help mitigate its risk until then.
Besides that, you should also apply all of Microsoft’s Critical updates as quickly as you can. The Internet Explorer vulnerabilities also pose a high risk since attackers can use in drive-by download attacks, which are quite popular today.
Quick Bulletin Summary:
We summarize the April security bulletins below in order of severity. We recommend you apply the updates in the same order of priority, assuming you use the affected products.
- MS15-032 – Critical – IE Memory Corruptions Flaws – You can pretty much count on Microsoft releasing a cumulative Internet Explorer (IE) update that fixes a bunch of memory corruption flaws every month, and this month is no different. These are the types of flaws remote attackers use to execute code, and that are typically used in drive-by download attacks. If an attacker can get you to visit a site with malicious code, he could exploit these flaws to run code on your machine. If you have local administrator privileges, the attacker gains full control of your PC. As an aside, the update also fixes an Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) bypass flaw that makes it easier for bad guys to exploit memory corruption issues.
- MS15-033 – Critical- Multiple Office Flaws – Office, and the components that ship with it (such as Word, Excel, etc.), suffer from five vulnerabilities. The worst are four memory-related code execution flaws that black hats can exploit by luring you into opening malicious office documents. If you open such a document, the attacker can execute code on your computer, with your privileges. Finally, the Mac version of Outlook also suffers from a cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability as well.
- MS15-034 – Critical – Windows HTTP Stack Code Execution – HTTP.sys is Windows’ HTTP stack; the component it uses to process HTTP protocol requests. It suffers from an unspecified remote code execution vulnerability. By sending a specially crafted HTTP request, an attacker could exploit this flaw to gain complete control of your computer (code executes with SYSTEM privileges). However, you must be running some web service that uses HTTP.sys (such as IIS) to be vulnerable to the flaw. This is a serious flaw that affects IIS servers.
- MS15-035 – Critical – EMF Image Code Execution Flaw – The graphics component Windows uses to handle images suffers from a flaw involving the way it parses Enhanced MetaFile (EMF) images. In short, if a bad guy can get you to view such an image—whether on a web site, in an email, and so forth—he can exploit this flaw to run code on your computer with your privileges.
- MS15-036 – Critical – SharePoint Server XSS flaws – SharePoint suffers from two cross-site scripting vulnerabilities (XSS) that could allow an attacker to elevate his privileges. By enticing one of your users to click a specially crafted link, an attacker could exploit this flaw to gain that user’s privilege on your SharePoint server. This means the attacker could view or change all the documents which that user could.
- MS15-037 – Important – Task Scheduler EoP Vulnerability – The Windows Task Scheduler suffers from an elevation of privilege flaw. If an attacker can log onto your Windows system with valid credentials (even underprivileged ones), she can run a program that exploits this flaw to gain complete control of the computer.
- MS15-038 – Important – Two Windows EoP Vulnerabilities – Two other Windows components suffer from flaws like the Task Scheduler one above. Though they differ technically, an attack exploiting them has the same scope and impact. If an attacker can login and run a program, they can gain full SYSTEM privileges in Windows.
- MS15-039 – Important – XML Core Services Security Bypass Flaw – Microsoft XML Core Services (MSXML) suffers from a flaw that allows attackers to break the same-origin policy. This could allow attackers to launch an attack similar to a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack. If they can get your user to click a malicious link, they can access resources with your user’s privileges.
- MS15-040 – Important – AD FS Information Disclosure – Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) doesn’t fully log off users. If a new users logs on, she might have access to application info from the previous user (similar to a flaw last year)
- MS15-041 – Important – .NET Framework Information Disclosure Flaw – The .NET Framework suffers from a flaw that could unintentionally allow attackers to view some of your web applications configuration information. However, you’re only exposed if you configure detailed error messages on your web application (which you shouldn’t do on publicly exposed web applications).
- MS15-042 – Important – Hyper-V DDoS Flaw – Hyper-V, Microsoft’s virtualization component, suffers from a denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. If an attacker can log into one of your virtual machines (VM) using legitimate credentials, he can run a malicious program that will cause all the VMs on the server to stop responding. Of course the attacker needs valid credentials, and access to the VM, in order to launch the attack.
If you use any of the software mentioned above, you should apply the corresponding updates as soon as you can. I recommend you apply the Critical updates immediately, try to get to the Important ones as a soon as possible, and leave the moderate ones for last.
You can get the updates three ways:
- Let Windows Automatic Update do it for you – While patches sometimes introduce new problems, these occasional issues don’t seem to affect clients as often as they do servers. To keep your network secure, I recommend you set Windows clients to update automatically so they get patches as soon as possible.
- Manually download and install patches – That said, most businesses strongly rely on production servers and server software. For that reason, I recommend you always test new server updates before applying them manually to production servers. Virtualization can help you build a test environment that mimics your production one for testing. You can find links to download the various updates in the individual bulletins I’ve linked above.
- Download February’s full Security Update ISO – Finally, Microsoft eventually posts an ISO image that consolidates all the security updates. This ISO conveniently packages the updates in one place for administrators. You’ll eventually find a link to the monthly security ISOs here, but Microsoft may not post it until a few days after Patch Day
For WatchGuard Customers:
Good News! WatchGuard’s Gateway Antivirus (GAV), Intrusion Prevention (IPS), and APT Blocker services can often prevent these sorts of attacks, or the malware they try to distribute. For instance, our IPS signature team has developed signatures that can detect and block many of the attacks described in Microsoft’s alerts:
- WEB Microsoft IIS HTTP.sys Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1635)
- FILE Microsoft Windows Graphics EMF Processing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1645)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1652)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1668)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1667)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1666)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1665)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1662)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1661)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1660)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1659)
- WEB-CLIENT Microsoft Internet Explorer Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1657)
- FILE Microsoft Office Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1641)
- FILE Microsoft Office Memory Corruption Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1650)
- WEB Microsoft ASP.NET Information Disclosure Vulnerability (CVE-2015-1648)
Your Firebox or XTM appliance should get this new IPS signature update shortly.
Furthermore, our Reputation Enabled Defense (RED) and WebBlocker services can often prevent your users from accidentally visiting malicious (or legitimate but booby-trapped) web sites that contain these sorts of attacks. Nevertheless, we still recommend you install Microsoft’s updates to completely protect yourself from all of these flaws.
As an aside, Microsoft also released two new security advisories today, if you are interested in how Microsoft is improving their Public Key cryptography, or in learning about an SSL 3.0 issue, be sure to check their advisory page for those new updates. — Corey Nachreiner, CISSP (@SecAdept)